The village of Venables
The current landscape of the village was formed during the Pleistocene (-2.4 million years to -11,000 years ago). The successive so-called glacial and interglacial periods have given way to a landscape with a plateau with silty deposits and the creation of stepped alluvial terraces which will be superimposed during these different periods in the valley.
The first passages of humans on village soil are evidenced by soil surveys and the archaeological diagnosis carried out by the Regional Directorate of Cultural Affairs (Drac) of Normandy. The passage of small groups of Homo neanderthalensis craftsmen of the Mousterian culture are listed on the plateau by the occupation of three sites. Another site marks an installation during the Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods. Two sites which are located in the meander of the Seine valley mark an occupation of the modern man "homo sapiens" which will be essential during all the neolithic or "Age of the polished stone", by the update on a site of a pit with the discovery of more than 2000 flint shards. Another site on the land says "the Mill" with the presence of important lithic furniture.
During the Neolithic we note a transfer from an occupation of the plateau towards an occupation towards the river which is reformed thanks to the warming during this period.
The discovery near the river by two Venablois of tools dating from the Campignian (around -4500 years) confirms the interest of man on one of the sites of the future village. With the emergence of agriculture, livestock and ceramics a new model of civilization introduced many changes in the lifestyles of humans. Man controls his environment and initially he will move from the nomadic stage to semi-sedentarization.